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How to properly care for your skin?


How to properly care for your skin?

How to properly care for your skin?

Almost every woman wants to look attractive and young. And a huge role in this is played by the condition of the facial skin.

Negative environmental factors, unhealthy diet, stress, illness, a sedentary lifestyle and other factors greatly affect the health of the skin, which, in turn, affects its appearance.

To counteract these factors, skin care needs to be taken. But how to properly care for your skin? Let's consider this issue in detail in this article.

Basic rules for facial skin care:

  • Care should be regular. There are five steps to skin care, which are summarized below. These steps must be performed daily. Well, only occasionally you can make exceptions (we understand everything).
  • Always wash off makeup thoroughly before going to bed.
  • Cosmetics should be applied carefully along the massage lines.
  • It is necessary to select cosmetics in accordance with your skin type. There are five main types in total (oily, dry, normal, combined and sensitive). We've covered how to determine your skin type here .
  • You need to wash your face with warm water, not hot, because the latter can lead to dryness and flaking.
  • You should not use soap for washing, because it dries out the skin.
  • After washing, the face should be gently patted with a towel, not rubbed.
  • You do not need to use cosmetics that have expired.
  • The skin needs hydration not only from the outside, but also from the inside. Therefore, experts recommend drinking pure water at the rate of 30 ml per 1 kg of body weight.
  • Sleep is very beneficial for skin health because it is during sleep that active renewal and recovery occurs. Try to get at least 8 hours of sleep a day.
  • Try to move more. Physical activity improves blood circulation, including in the skin of the face, which has a beneficial effect on its condition. If you don't have time for the gym or exercise at home, spend more time walking.
  • Try to eat less fatty, sweet and starchy foods. Increase your intake of vegetables, fresh fruits. Add protein-rich foods such as meat, fish, eggs, dairy products to your diet.

By following these rules, you will help your skin to be healthy and look beautiful and youthful for many years.

The main stages of facial care.

Despite the fact that each skin type requires a different approach, there are common steps for all the correct facial skin care. These steps must be followed so that the skin is healthy, beautiful and youthful for a long time.

Basic facial skin care includes 5 main steps:

  • Cleansing
  • Toning
  • Moisturizing and nourishing
  • Protection
  • Deep cleansing
  • Let's consider each of these stages in more detail.

Stage 1: cleansing.

Makeup, oil and dirt clog and enlarge pores, leading to redness, acne and blackheads. Therefore, it is necessary to cleanse the skin 2 times a day.

Cosmetics are more effective when applied to cleansed skin. For cleansing, use a specific product suitable for your type.

Do not use soap, as it destroys the protective mantle of the skin, dehydrates it, forcing the sebaceous glands to work in an enhanced mode. This leads to imbalanced skin and clogged pores.

Stage 2: toning.

The toner removes oil and cleanser residues and closes pores for a smoother, healthier complexion. Toning should be done 2 times a day after washing.

Stage 3: hydration and nutrition.

Hydration is essential for all skin types, not just dry ones. Water imbalance can lead to the fact that the skin loses its elasticity and firmness, becomes covered with fine wrinkles and becomes faded and sensitive.

he right moisturizer applied after cleansing and toning will make the skin glow and protect against moisture loss. A separate cream is also needed for the delicate skin around the eyes.

Nutrition is also essential for all skin types. In modern conditions, it is difficult to maintain the amount of vitamins, proteins and microelements necessary for the skin that it needs. Without them, the skin becomes drier and thinner, which contributes to skin aging.

Also, over time, there is less collagen in the skin, which makes the skin firm and elastic. Night creams are intended to nourish the skin.

Stage 4: protection.

The skin needs protection from UV rays, which accelerate the aging process. And not only in warm weather, but also in winter. For this, there are special creams with an SPF factor . Today, many moisturizers contain SPF.

Stage 5: deep cleansing.

This procedure is necessary for everyone, regardless of skin type and age. These can be cleansing masks , peels and scrubs.

The masks are applied after toning with smooth movements so as not to stretch the skin, avoiding the area around the eyes. After application, you must apply a nourishing cream. You can do the mask 1-2 times a week.

Peels are aimed at exfoliating dead cells from the surface of the epidermis. If not removed, they can clog pores. Home peeling can be done once a week.

Scrubs perform the same function as peels, but are more gentle. You can do them once a week after the tonic.

Additional skin care

Basic care is not always enough to combat various problems that may arise with our skin.

Excessive dryness or, conversely, oily content, various defects, early wrinkles, dull skin color and many other troubles require additional effort.

Here additional products come to the rescue, such as masks, oils, serums, essences, etc.

Masks , unlike daily care products, work more intensely on the skin. There are a huge number of their types.

They are different in composition, purpose, release form, etc. They can be bought at the store or prepared at home. Masks, as a rule, are aimed at fighting not one but several problems. Masks are applied 1-2 times a week.

Serums , unlike masks, contain an increased concentration of active substances, and are designed to fight one specific problem.

You need to choose them with caution, because the wrong product can be harmful. Serums are added to daily care before applying the cream.

Essence is a cloudy transparent liquid with a viscous texture. Its main task is to saturate the skin with moisture.

It gently moisturizes the skin without leaving a greasy film or clogging pores. Therefore, it can be used for oily skin as well. It is used in the same way as the serum, before applying the cream.

Oils moisturize, nourish and soften the skin well. The antioxidants and fatty acids they contain help protect, restore and rejuvenate the skin.

Oils are divided into base and essential oils. The latter, unlike the former, should in no case be used in their pure form.

They must be added to either base oils or other cosmetics. You need to choose them based on your skin type. Do not use oil instead of cream. Better to use them as masks.

In addition to these products, the modern market also offers many other cosmetic products.

The main thing when choosing them is not to purchase suspicious products. Better yet, consult a specialist.

Also, beauty salons offer a wide range of services to improve the condition of the skin. To select procedures, you must consult with a licensed cosmetologist in a trusted salon.

Skin care according to age

Cosmetologists divide the age of women into five stages. Despite the fact that the main stages of care are always the same, there are nuances for each age.

Skin care up to 25 years

  • As a rule, such skin does not require additional care.
  • However, such skin is often prone to acne. In this case, you need to consult a dermatologist, and also add to use special lotions for problem skin.

Skin care after 25 years

  • At this age, skin aging begins. Therefore, it is necessary to start applying special care:
  • Regularly use sunscreens or moisturizers that contain an SPF of at least 15.
  • Include eye cream in the morning and evening.
  • Start applying face cream to your neck and décolleté.

Skin care after 30 years

  • Start massaging your face to improve circulation.
  • Continue to regularly use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15.
  • Include a scrub in your main care once every one to two weeks.
  • Start using products containing hyaluronic acid.
  • Continue using the eye cream.

Skin care after 40 years

  • Use skin tonicity products regularly.
  • Do a light massage to stimulate metabolic processes.
  • Take courses of anti-aging masks 2-3 times a year.
  • Continue to use the eye cream regularly.
  • Deeply cleanse your skin regularly to rejuvenate it.

Skin care after 50 years

  • Start using special cosmetics adapted to hormonal changes in the body at this age.
  • Moisturizers need to be more intense.
  • Apply creams containing collagen, elastin, ceramides and vitamins A, C and E.
  • Continue doing courses of anti-aging masks 2-3 times a year.
  • Do moisturizing masks more often.
  • Continue to massage gently to improve blood circulation and skin firmness.

Hair, like skin, needs your care and proper care. Regardless of your hair type, there are 5 main steps in hair care.